German Army MILAN equipped with an ADGUS combat simulator

MILAN (French: Missile d´infanterie léger antichar; English translation: Anti-Tank Light Infantry Missile) is a European anti-tank guided missile.


Design of the MILAN started in 1962. It was ready for trials in 1971, and was accepted for service in 1972.


It is a wire guided SACLOS (Semi-Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight) missile, which means the sight of the launch unit has to be aimed at the target to guide the missile. The MILAN can be equipped with a MIRA thermal sight, to give it night-firing ability.

Milan II is a second generation anti-tank weapon, the result of a joint development project between France and West Germany.

The Milan comes in two main portable components, which are the launcher and the missile. It is a simple matter to clip both items together and prepare the system for use. On firing, the operator has only to keep his aiming mark on the target and the SACLOS guidance system will do the rest.

Milan was the first of a series of infantry anti-tank weapons that seriously started to challenge the supremacy of the main battle tank on the battlefield. During fighting in Chad in 1987, it appears that 12 Chadian Milan, post mounted on Toyota Light Trucks, were able to account for over 60 Libyan T-55s and T-62s. Reports from other conflicts suggest similar results.

In addition to being capable of defeating main battle tanks (MBTs) from all aspects, Milan is also required to have a secondary capability against other battlefield targets, such as fixed defences.

MILAN II Specifications
Type Man portable anti-tank missile
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin, Raytheon
Weight 28kg
Warhead 8.4kg tandem shaped HEAT capable of penetrating up to 600mm of armour
Length 1.1m
Diameter 12.7m
Performance Range 75m - 2km, guidance infrared