Mistral Surface to air missile on man portable launcher - Photo Copyright MBDA

Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). Based on the French SATCP (Sol-Air À Très Courte Portée), the portable missile later to become the Mistral began development in 1974. It was initially deployed in 1988.

The basic Mistral missile is used with a man-portable launch unit.

There are also launch units that allow the missile to be fired from armoured vehicles, ships or helicopters (such as the Aérospatiale Gazelle, Denel Rooivalk, or Eurocopter Tiger).

The two-missile unit installed on ships is called Simbad. The six-missile version is the Sadral. The newly-launched four-missile version is called Tetral.

MISTRAL Specifications
Type Infrared homing surface-to-air missile
Manufacturer MBDA
Weight 18.7kg
Warhead 3kg blast fragmentation with laser proximity or contact fuse
Length 1.86m
Diameter 0.9m
Performance Speed Mach 2.7, range 6.5km, guidance infrared

Photo Copyright MBDA