Finnish BMP-2 Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle

The BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pyekhota - Infantry Fighting Vehicle) infantry combat vehicle, fielded in the early 1980s, is an improved version of the BMP-1 incorporating major armament changes.

The new two-man turret mounts a 30-mm automatic gun with a long thin tube and double-baffle muzzle brake that can be used against aircraft and helicopters.


The ATGM launcher on top of the turret can employ either AT-4 SPIGOT or AT-5 SPANDREL missiles, though the AT-5 Spandrel canister is normally mounted. Given the enlarged turret, there are two roof hatches in the rear fighting compartment, rather than the four of the BMP-1, and the the BMP-2 accommodates one less passenger. Each side of the troop compartment has three firing ports with associated roof-mounted periscopes.

The BMP-2 is broadly similar to the BMP-1. The most significant changes are:

  • A new two-man turret armed with the 2A42 30 mm autocannon and the 9P135M ATGM launcher capable of firing SACLOS guided 9M111 Fagot" (AT-4 Spigot), 9M113 "Konkurs" (AT-5 Spandrel) and 9M113M "Konkurs-M" (AT-5B Spandrel B) anti-tank missiles

  • The commander now sits with the gunner in an enlarged turret

  • Seven troops are carried instead of eight

  • Two rear infantry roof hatches instead of four

  • Slightly improved armour

BMP-2 Specifications
Type Tracked amphibious armoured infantry fighting vehicle
Manufacturer Russian State Factories
Crew 3 + 7 troops
Armament 30mm cannon, AT-4/5 Anti-tank guided missile, 7.62mm machine gun
Length 6.71m
Height 2.45m
Width 3.09m
Weight 14.3 tonnes
Powerplant Supercharged diesel producing 400hp (260kW)
Performance Speed 65km/h road, 7km/h water, range 600km