The AMX-56 Leclerc is a main battle tank (MBT) built by GIAT Industries of France.

The AMX-56 Leclerc is a main battle tank (MBT) built by GIAT Industries of France.


The Leclerc is in service with the French Army and the army of the United Arab Emirates. In production since 1990, the Leclerc entered French service in 1992. With production now complete, the French Army has a total of 406 Leclercs and the United Arab Emirates Army has 388. The tank has an automatic loading system, which allows cross-country fire-on-the-move against mobile targets. 22 rounds of ready-to-use ammunition are carried. The tank is also armed with a 12.7mm machine gun co-axial with the main gun and a roof-mounted 7.62mm anti-aircraft gun.

Equipped with a GIAT (Nexter) CN120-26 120mm smoothbore cannon, it is theoretically capable of firing the same NATO standard 120mm rounds as the German Leopard 2 and US M1 Abrams, but in practice only custom French-produced ammunition is issued.

The gun is insulated with a thermal sleeve and has an automatic compressed air fume extraction system instead of the usual bore evacuator. The turret of the Leclerc was designed around the auto-loading system in order to avoid the problems common to other tanks with an autoloader. The Leclerc autoloader allows a rate of fire of 12 shots per minute and holds 22 rounds of ready ammunition; it can accommodate up to five different types of ammunition at once.

LECLERC Specifications
Type Main Battle Tank
Manufacturer GIAT Industries
Crew 3
Maximum Range 3,000km
Armament Main gun 120mm, 12.7mm coaxial machine gun and 7.62mm anti-aircraft gun.
Rounds APFSDS and HEAT
Length 9.8m
Height 2.5m
Width 3.7m
Weight 56 tonnes
Powerplant SACM V8X-1500 diesel producing 1,500hp (1,100kW)
Performance Road speed 70km/h, range 550km
Reverse Speed Over 35kmh
Range Approx 500km