C1 Ariete is a main battle tank developed for the Italian Army by the Iveco Fiat Oto Melara Syndicated Company, formed by Iveco SpA, Defence Vehicles Division and the Oto Melara Division of Finmeccanica.
In February 1997 some units of the Italian Army
received the first Ariete 1 tanks , the new "all Italian" second
generation MBT, which will replace, within a couple of years, the
older Leopard 1A2 as standard armoured fighting vehicle of the Italian
Army. The final delivery of the 200
tanks ordered took place in August 2002. Ariete was first deployed in
Iraq in 2004.
The Ariete is powered by a Fiat V-12 MTCA turbo-charged, 12 cylinder, diesel engine producing 937kW. The automatic transmission system, licensed from the German company ZF, has four forward and two reverse gears, and incorporates the steering system and hydraulic retarder. The Ariete is capable of a maximum speed in excess of 65km/h and the maximum gradient is 60%.
The tank's fire control system, produced
by Galileo Avionica of Italy, is the TURMS FCS. It includes a
day and night stabilised commander's panoramic periscope sight,
gunner's sight with thermal imager and laser rangefinder and digital
fire control computer.