German SA-318 Alouette II

The Alouette II is manufactured by Aérospatiale of France. The Alouette II was the first production helicopter to use a gas turbine instead of a conventional heavier piston engine.

It was mostly used for military purposes in observation, photography, air/sea rescue, liaison and training but it has also carried anti-tank missiles and homing torpedoes. As a civilian helicopter it was put to use as a casualty evacuation (with two external stretcher panniers), crop-spraying and flying crane (with a 500kg external sling load).

Production started initially in 1955 with orders from the French armed forces and civilian customers, but by the time production ended in 1975 with over 1500 Alouette IIs had been built and in use in over 80 countries including 47 armed forces. It is also licence built in Brazil, Sweden, India and in the United States.

SA-318 ALOUETTE II Specifications
Type Light Utility Helicopter
Manufacturer Aerospatiale
Accommodation Two crew and up to three passengers
Armament None
Performance Max speed 130mph (210kmh)
Main Rotor Diameter 36ft (11m)
Length 33ft 8in (10.3m)
Height 10ft (3.3m)
Weight weight empty 2,251lb (1,021kg)
Powerplant One Turboméca Artouste IIIB turboshaft producing 570shp (425kW)
Variants SA-313