Romanian AN-2

The Antonov An-2 is an extremely durable, light, single-engine biplane which first flew in 31 August 1947 and was the first plane designed by Antonov. It is used as a light transport, capable of carrying 12 passengers, and for parachute drops and agricultural work. Its extraordinary slow-flight and STOL capabilities make it supremely suited for short, unimproved fields, and some specialised variants have also been built for cold weather and other extreme environments.


The An-2 is the largest single-engine biplane ever produced. By 1960 the USSR had produced over 5,000. Since 1960, most An-2s have been built at Poland's WSK factory in Mielec, with over 13,000 made there before full production ended in 1991.

AN-2 Specifications
Type Light transport
Manufacturer PZL-Mielec
Accommodation One or two crew and up to 12 passengers
Armament None
Performance 120mph (190km/h)
Wing Span top wing 59ft 8in (18.2m) bottom wing 46ft 9in (14.2m)
Length 40ft 8in (12.4m)
Height 13ft (4.1m)
Weight weight empty 7,300lb (3,300kg) max take off weight 12,000lb (5,500kg)
Powerplant One Shvetsov ASh-62R 9-cylinder supercharged radial engine, 1,000hp (750kW)