RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT

NIMROD MR2/R1

 

UK Royal Air Force Nimrod MR 2 Maritime Reconnaissance Aircraft

The Nimrod MR Mark 2P, has been developed for long-range maritime patrol. The Nimrod MR2 carries out three main roles; Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-Surface Unit Warfare (ASUW) and Search and Rescue (SAR).

Its long ferry range enables the crew to monitor maritime areas far to the north of Iceland and up to 4,000 km out into the Western Atlantic. With AAR (Air-to-Air Refuelling), its range and endurance is greatly extended.

The MR2 is a very lethal submarine killer carrying the most up to date sensors and data processing equipment linked to the weapon systems. In addition to weapons and sonar-buoys, a searchlight mounted in the starboard wing pod can be used for search and rescue (SAR) operations. 

 

Nimrod is a development of the basic Comet No 4C airframe that dates from the late 1940s. Both the current variants are descended from the original Nimrod MR Mark 1 version (first flight May 1967) upgraded during the 1980s. 

Crew members comprise 2 x Pilots and a flight engineer operate the flight deck, 2 x Navigators, an Air Electronics Officer (AEO), the sonobuoy sensor team of 3 x Air Electronic Operators and 4 x Air Electronic Operators to manage a wide range of avionics and weapon systems.
 
The second version is the R Mark 1, an aircraft specially fitted out for the gathering of electronic intelligence and only three are known to be in service. This is a highly secret aircraft that has been in RAF service since 1971 and about which little is known except that has been spotted on patrol over the Baltic Sea. The Nimrod R1s are externally distinguishable from the maritime reconnaissance version by the absence of the magnetic anomaly detection tail booms and a distinctive pod on the leading edge of the port wing. In-flight refuelling probes were added in 1982.

Under a 2.2 billion contract in July 1996, the Nimrod upgrade programme involved 21 Nimrod MR2 aircraft to Maritime Reconnaissance Attack 4 (MRA4) standard, together with training and integrated logistics support packages.

The programme would involve the total replacement of the aircraft's systems and over 80 percent of its airframe, resulting in the RAF receiving back practically a new aircraft. There has been a substantial programme cost escalation (estimated programme cost 3.8bn by 2005) and considerable slippage. Numbers of MR4 to be procured have reduced from 21 to 12 as a result of cost escalation.

The operational impact of the slippage will be partly mitigated by existing measures to introduce upgrades to some Nimrod MR2 systems, notably Replacement Acoustic Processors (RAP), navigation systems, datalinks and other communications to address inter-operability issues.

Nimrod MRA4 will have a reach extending to some 6,000 miles, compared to the current MR2 capability of some 3800 miles. Rolls BR710 engines replace RR Spey engines. Other capability improvements over MR2 include increased time on station, a major improvement in overall sensor performance and weapon carrying capability. The new digital, integrated mission system features the Searchwater 2000 radar, UYS503/AQS970 sonar, DASS 2000 ECM, and EL/L8300UK ESM. The crew complement has reduced by 25%.

Weapons will include torpedoes (Tigerfish), AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles (range 50 nautical miles) or AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles for defence against hostile aircraft.
 

 

NIMROD MR2  Specifications
Type Maritime Patrol
Manufacturer BAe
Crew 

Two pilots, flight engineer, two navigators, air electronics officer and 7 air electronic operators

Span  35m
Height 31ft (9.45m)
Length  126ft 9in (38.63m)
Weight Empty weight 102,515lb (46,500kg), Max takeoff weight 232,315lb (105,376kg)
Operating Range 3,800miles/6,080 km
Endurance 10-12 hrs
Max Speed 575mph/926kmph
Engines four Rolls-Royce Spey turbofans, 12,140lb thrust each
Armament Sidewinder AIM-9, Harpoon, 9 x Mark 46 or Stingray Torpedoes, Bombs and around 150 sonobuoys
Variants Nimrod MR2 maritime patrol, Nimrod R1 Electronic Surveillance


Photo Copyright BAe Systems