ROMANIA

 

Population
Defence budget 2010
GDP 2009
Land area
Capital
Life expectancy
Population growth rate
22 million
Euros 1.90 billion (US$2.3 billion)
Euros 122 billion (US$148 billion)
238,392 sq kms (92,043 sq miles)
Bucharest (Population 1.9 million)
72.5 years
0.13 per cent
 
 
Total Armed Forces  
Army
Navy
Air Force
Reserves

Approximately 41,000
Approximately 6,900
Approximately 10,000
Mainly army and reports vary possibly 20,000 effective (within 5 years of demobilisation)


Romania joined the European Union in January 2007 following its accession to NATO in April 2004. The Ministry of Defence continues restructuring to conform to NATO standards.

 

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE  
Contact Details



 

Ministry of Defence
3-5 Izvor Street
Bucharest 050561

Tel:  +4021 319 5698
Fax: +4021 319 5698
 

 

ARMY ORGANISATION

 

Army Strength: Approximately 41,000 (Possibly 20,000 effective reserves)


Romanian Army Outline Structure
Romanian Army Outline Structure


1ST INFANTRY DIVISION

1st Infantry Division

Note:
Divisional Troops include: 1 x Recce Bn; 1 x Military Police Bn; NBC Defence Bn; 2 x Air Defence Bns; 1 x Signal Bn; 1 x Engineer Bn; 1 x HQ and Command Bn.

2ND INFANTRY DIVISION

Note:
Divisional Troops include: 1 x Recce Bn; 1 x Military Police Coy; NBC Defence Coy; 1 x Signal Coy; 1 x HQ and Command Bn.

4TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Note:
Divisional Troops include: 1 x Recce Bn; 1 x NBC Defence Bn; 1 x Amphibious Engineer Bn; 1 x Signal Coy; 1 x HQ and Command Bn.

EU Battlegroup: From June to December 2010 Romania joined with Italy to provide the standby EU Battlegroup.


 

MAJOR ARMY EQUIPMENT

 

Main Battle Tanks (MBT) 150 x T-55
  40 x TR-77-580 (T-55 type)
  105 x TR-85 (T-55 type)
Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV) 30 x MLI-84 (BMP-1 type)

Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)

31 x Piranha IIIC (wheeled)

  65 x TAB B33 (BTR-80 type wheeled)
  100 x TAB-77 (BTR-70 type wheeled)
  300 x TABC-79 (wheeled)
  Some TAB-71 remain (wheeled BTR-60 type)
Towed Artillery 200 x 152 mm D-20 Model 1981 (estimate)
 

100 x 152 mm 2A65 Model 1989 (estimate)

  50 x 122 mm M-1938
Self Propelled Artillery 6 x 122 mm 2S1
  18 x 155 mm ATMOS 2000

Multi Launch Rocket Systems (MRLS)

100 x APR-40 (improved BM-21 type operational estimate)

Mortars (Mor)

100 x 120 mm 120-PM-43 (estimate)

  200 x 82 mm 82-PM-41 (estimate)

Anti-Tank (Atk)

73 mm AG9 RL

  100 x AT-3 Sagger types (estimate)
  50 x AT-5 Spandrel

Low Level Air Defence (LLAD)

18 x 35 mm Gepard SP

  24 x 35 mm GDF-203 towed
  MICA on order

 


 

NAVAL ORGANISATION

 

Navy Strength: Approximately 6,900

Principal Units:

 

  3 x Frigates
  4 x Corvettes
16 x Patrol Vessels
  5 x Mine Warfare Vessels


Outline Navy Structure:


Fleet Headquarters is at Constanta and there is a Frigate Flotilla, an Operational Command Group and a River Flotilla (Danube)

A Kilo class submarine that is held in reserve could be reactivated if funds become available.

Many vessels are believed to be undermanned.

307 Marine Infantry Battalion (Badadag) operates as a Special Forces Unit.
 


 

MAJOR NAVAL EQUIPMENT

 

Frigates (FF) 1 x Marasesti Class
  2 x Regele Ferdinand Class (ex UK Type 22)
Corvettes (FS) 4 x Tetal I/II

Patrol and Coastal Combatants (PCC)

3 x Zborul with Styx SSM (offshore)

 

5 x Brutar (inshore/river)

 

3 x Kogalniceanu (inshore/river)

 

5 x River patrol craft (ex minesweepers)

Mine Countermeasures (MCM)

4 x Offshore minesweepers

 

1 x Minelayer

 

5 x River Minesweepers

Miscellaneous

2 x Auxiliary

 

1 x Research vessel

 

1 x Survey Ship

 

1 x Ocean going tug

 


 

AIR FORCE ORGANISATION

Air Force Strength: Approximately 10,000

Romanian Air Force Outline StructureRomanian Air Force Outline Structure


 

MAJOR AIR FORCE EQUIPMENT

 

Fighters (Ftr) 20 x Mig-21 Lancer C
Fighter Ground Attack (FGA) 28 x Mig-21 Lancer A/B
Transport (Tpt) 4 x An-26 Curl
  5 x C-130 (1 x C-130H & 4 x C-130B)
  5 x C-27J Spartan (2 more on order)
  1 x An-30 Clank (also used for recce/survey)
Training (Trg) 8 x An-2 (biplane)
  20 x IAR-99 (light attack and lead in)
  12 x IAK-52
Helicopters (Hel) 60 x IAR-330 Puma SOCAT & SA-330 (support)
  6 x IAR-316b Alouette III
Air Defence (AD) SA-5 SAM
Air launched missiles (ALM) AA-8 Aphid AAM; AA-11 Archer AAM; Python 3 AAM; R-550 Magic AAM;
Spike-ER ASM
Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) 10 x Shadow 600
Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) 8 x Hawk PIP III
  6 x SA-2 Guideline possibly withdrawn

 

CURRENT UNIT DEPLOYMENTS
(over platoon strength 30 personnel. These are approximate figures)

 

NATO (ISAF) Afghanistan 960
NATO (KFOR) Kosovo 150
EUFOR Bosnia 50